About the project
CLEONOMICS (Utilizing the genome of Cleome gynandra (Gynandropsis gynandra) for the development of improved cultivars for East and West African markets) is funded by NWO-WOTRO Science for Global Development. The CLEONOMICS project started in January 2015 for a duration of 36 months. The total budget for CLEONOMICS was EURO 274 000.
The project CLEONOMICS aimed to develop high-yielding, nutrient-rich Cleome gynandra varieties that meet the expectations of farmers and consumers in Benin and Kenya.
Specifically, CLEONOMICS aimed to:
- evaluate gynandra germplasm’s response for leaf yield potential and drought-tolerance in agro-ecological conditions of Benin and Kenya taking into account farmers and consumers’ perception;
- test a diverse set of gynandra germplasm for variation in: drought-tolerance, anthocyanin production and nutritional characteristics (at Wageningen University);
- re-sequence a set of 100 diverse gynandra genotypes to facilitate future molecular breeding strategies for improved cultivars (at African Orphan Crop Consortium); and
- create new adapted Spider plant cultivars and technologies to grow and distribute them effectively.
- Germplasm collection of 164 accessions in West Africa and 70 in Kenya to enrich existing collections at the World Vegetable Center.
- Best agricultural practices for the species established.
- Overall breeding strategy for improved nutritional value and leaf yield in the species devised.
- Traditional knowledge related to use and management of the species documented in Benin and Kenya.
- Natural variation in morphological traits and nutritional value in the species assessed for breeding purpose.
- Whole genome re-sequencing of 48 accessions by the African Orphan Crops Consortium.
- The reproductive biology of the species is described.
- New cultivars selected and shared with farmers in Benin and Kenya.
- Species introduced in the urban and peri-urban areas of Benin and Kenya.
- Value chain for spider plant initiated.
- Capacity building through supporting undergraduate and postgraduate students.
Partner countries or institutions and names of representatives
|Benin||The NGO Hortitechs Development||Mr. Edgar Deguenon|
|Benin||The Faculty of Agronomic Sciences (FSA), University of Abomey-Calavi (UAC)||Prof. Enoch G. Achigan-Dako|
|Kenya||The KENRIK, Centre for Biodiversity, National Museums of Kenya||Dr. Patrick Maundu|
|The Netherlands||The Biosystematics Group, Wageningen University||Prof. Eric Schranz|
|Kenya||The African Orphan Crops Consortium (AOCC)||Prof. Allen Van Deynze|
|Taiwan||The World Vegetable Center (AVRDC)||Dr. Svein Solberg|
Useful internet links
Food & Business Knowledge Platform http://knowledge4food.net/research-project/arf1-improved-spider-plant-benin-kenya/
Houdegbe, C. A., E.O.D. Sogbohossou, E.G. Achigan-Dako, 2018. Enhancing growth and leaf yield in Gynandropsis gynandra (L.) Briq. (Cleomaceae) using agronomic practices to accelerate crop domestication. Scientia Horticulturae, 233. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scienta.2018.01.035
Sogbohossou, E.O.D, E. G. Achigan-Dako, P. Maundu, S. Solberg, E. M. S. Deguenon, R. H. Mumm, I. Hale, A. Van Deynze, and M. E. Schranz, 2018. A roadmap for breeding orphan leafy vegetable species: a case study of Gynandropsis gynandra (Cleomaceae). Horticulture Research 5(1): 2. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41438-017-0001-2
Sogbohossou, E.O.D., E.G. Achigan-Dako,, T. van Andel,, M. E Schranz. 2018. Drivers of management of spider plant (Gynandropsis gynandra) across different socio-linguistic groups in Benin and Togo. Economic Botany. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12231-018-9423-5
Zohoungbogbo, H. P. F., C.A. Houdegbe, E.O.D. Sogbohossou, M.G. Tossou, Patrick Maundu, Eric M. Schranz, Allen Van Deynze, J. Zoundjihekpon, E.G. Achigan-Dako, 2018. Andromonoecy in Gynandropsis gynandra (L.) Briq. (Cleomaceae) and effects on fruit and seed production. Genetic Resources and Crop Evolution. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10722-018-0687-5