Mbo Nkoulou, L.F, Archange Tchinda Ninla, L., Cros, D., Martin, G., Ndiang, Z., Houegban, J., Bille Ngalle, H., Martin Bell, J., Achigan-Dako, E.G., 2023. Analysis of genetic diversity andagronomic variation in banana sub-populations for genomic selection under drought stress in Southern Benin. Gene 147210. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gene.2023.147210.
In the perspective of investigating genomic selection (GS) among Musa genotypes in West and Central Africa, banana accessions were phenotyped under natural drought stress in Benin and genotyped using genotyping by sequencing. Sixty-one (61) accessions grouped into three major genomic groups AAA, AAB and ABB and those without genomic affiliation information were used. Variation within the population was determined by phenotypic variables while population structure and clustering analysis were carried out to understand the genetic diversity at the molecular level. Among the genomic groups evaluated, the group AAB showed the best performance for fruit weight at maturity, (3.41 ± 1.99 kg) and for plant height (198.46 ± 12.66 cm). At the accession level, HD 117 S1 and NIA 27 showed the best plant height (263.16 ± 20.98 cm) and the best fruit weight at maturity (9.43 ± 0.0 kg) respectively. Phenotypic data did not reveal clear genetic diversity among accessions; however, the genetic diversity was conspicuous at the molecular level using 5000 markers. The affiliations of local accessions in genomic groups were determined for the first time based on the phenotypic and molecular data obtained in this study. The knowledge generated allows the possibility to apply GS in banana.
Banana accessions, Drought, Single nucleotide polymorphism, Genetic diversity, Genomic selection