Synthetic Technical Sheet for the production of Yellow Corn (Zea mays L.)

INTRODUCTION

Corn (Zea mays L.) is a monoecious, annual herbaceous plant of the Poaceae family. It is native to
America and today present on all continents. It represents approximately 75% of world cereal production
. The species is highly appreciated for its multiple nutritional values ​​and is consumed in several forms. In Benin, its production takes place throughout the national territory. This document proposes a simple technique for sustainable production of yellow corn.

Synthetic Technical Sheet for the production of Cowpea (Vigna unguculata, (L) Walp)

INTRODUCTION

Cowpea is a grain legume of the Fabaceae family and native to Asia. The species is widely cultivated
in tropical and sub-tropical regions, particularly in sub-Saharan Africa which accounts for almost all of
world production. It is a self-pollinating, herbaceous, annual plant with a creeping or erect habit. The species offers
enormous nutritional possibilities by providing plant protein to ensure better
nutrition for the population and in the field of soil fertility through its ability to fix atmospheric nitrogen. In Benin, it occupies first place among grain legumes.

Synthetic Technical Sheet for the production of Sisrè (Synsepalum dulcificum, (Schumach. & Thonn. Daniel))

INTRODUCTION

Synsepalum dulcificum (Schumach. & Thonn. Daniel) is a species of the Sapotaceae family native to
West Africa. It is a slow growing forest plant but very prized for its fruits which have the capacity to transform the sensations of acidity. These fruits have long been used by local communities to consume sour or acidic foods. In Benin, Synsepalum dulcificum is more common in the Guinean zone with a very dispersed distribution. There is no specific population for the species. This constitutes a risk of its disappearance if no action within the framework of the restoration of the species is carried out within the coming decades. This document outlines simple and sustainable techniques for producing sisrè.

Synthetic Technical Sheet for the production of Sweet Potato (Ipomoea batatas (L.) Lam.)

INTRODUCTION

Sweet potato (Ipomoea batatas) is a creeping, perennial plant from the Convolvulaceae family. It is native to Central America or northwest South America. The species is now present in tropical and subtropical regions where it is cultivated for its edible tubers of varied colors and shapes. In Benin, sweet potatoes are widely cultivated throughout the national territory during all periods of the year. This species is known as a food-secure crop and an important source of provitamin A for malnourished children.

Synthetic Technical Sheet for the production of Papaya (Carica papaya L.)

INTRODUCTION

The papaya tree (Carica papaya) is a tree plant in the Caricaceae family, native to Central and South America. The species is now present in all tropical regions and prized for its very fragrant yellow, orange or reddish pulp fruit with a sweet taste. With a size varying from two (02) to ten (10) meters and an average life cycle of 2 years, the species contributes to the economic growth of certain countries such as India and Ivory Coast. In Benin, a particular enthusiasm for its production has been observed in recent years with an increase in the number of producers, given the nutritional and economic importance of the species.

Synthetic Technical Sheet for the production of Eggplant (Solanum melongena L.)

INTRODUCTION

European eggplant (Solanum melongena L.) is a vegetable plant from the Solanaceae family. Like
the African eggplant (Solanum aethiopicum L.), known locally as agbissan, it is cultivated for its
often purple-colored fruit. Very low in calories, this vegetable is an important source of vitamins, minerals, trace elements, antioxidant compounds and fiber. It is used for the preparation of sauces, rice and fat, and is sometimes used in salads. In Benin, high production is recorded in the Atlantic and often during the rainy season.

SYNTHETIC TECHNICAL SHEET FOR THE PRODUCTION OF CLEOME (Gynandropsis gynandra (L.) Briq.)

INTRODUCTION

Cleome ( Gynandropsis gynandra (L.) Briq., syn. Cleome gynandra L.) is an annual plant of the
Cleomaceae family found in tropical and subtropical regions of the world. The plant is distinguished by its
whitish flowers and aroma. Mainly used in Africa and Southeast Asia, it constitutes an important
subsistence resource for local communities. In Benin, its production, which was carried out exclusively in
the departments of Mono and Couffo in home gardens and aimed at self-consumption, has been expanding for
several years to large market gardening sites (e.g. VIMAS). It is a leafy vegetable with a very wide diversity
of nutrients that are very beneficial for human growth and health. It is locally called “Akaya” in Fon, “Sabo” in Adja, “Efô Oko” in Yoruba/Nago, “Somboe/Sobui” in Ewe.

SYNTHETIC TECHNICAL SHEET FOR THE PRODUCTION OF GBOMA (Solanum marcocarpon L.)

INTRODUCTION

The large nightshade (Solanum marcocarpon L.) , Gboma in “fon”, belongs to the Solanaceae family which includes other well-known species such as tomatoes, peppers, eggplants and chili peppers. In Benin, this vegetable is grown for its leaves rich in calcium and phosphorus and consumed in sauce. It is therefore one of the top three leafy vegetables produced in Benin and constitutes an important source of income for producers. Despite this importance, many producers are unable to make the most of their production due to lack of mastery of production techniques. This sheet is part of the dissemination of good production practices and techniques for better performance.

SYNTHETIC TECHNICAL SHEET FOR CARROT PRODUCTION (Daucus carotta L.)

INTRODUCTION

Carrot (Daucus carotta L.) , a biannual herbaceous plant of the Apiaceae family (formerly
Umbelliferae), native to Central Asia. It is widely cultivated today for its fleshy
, edible taproot, generally orange in color. This root vegetable is mainly rich in fiber,
carotene and present on all continents. In Benin, it is more cultivated all along the coastal strip on
sandy soils.

SYNTHETIC TECHNICAL SHEET FOR THE PRODUCTION OF VEGETABLE CORN (Corchorus olitorius L.)

INTRODUCTION

The garden korea (Corchorus olitorius L.) commonly called horsewort is known under the name of Ninouwi in the
local “Fon” language. It is a herbaceous plant of the Tiliaceae family and is widely consumed as a
leafy vegetable by households in the form of a sticky sauce. In Benin, vegetable coreta is produced on
market gardening sites in urban areas and in the lowlands of the southwest of the country (Mono/Couffo) in an intensive system and
constitutes an important source of income for producers.

SYNTHETIC TECHNICAL SHEET FOR THE PRODUCTION OF WATERMELON (Citrullus lanatus (Thunb.) Matsum. et Nakai.)

INTRODUCTION

Watermelon ( Citrullus lanatus (Thunb.) Matsum. et Nakai.) is an annual herbaceous plant in the
Cucurbitaceae family. Originally from Africa, it is now cultivated all over the world. Its fleshy fruit is
mainly consumed for its juicy pulp, rich in vitamins, proteins and mineral salts. In Benin, watermelon has long been cultivated on a small scale. However, a particular enthusiasm for its production has
been observed in recent years with an increase in the number of producers. This interest in watermelon must be accompanied by the provision of good farming practices.

SYNTHETIC TECHNICAL SHEET FOR TOMATO PRODUCTION (Lycopersicon esculentum Mill.)

INTRODUCTION

The tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum Mill.) belongs to the Solanaceae family which also includes other
well-known species such as potato, tobacco, pepper and eggplant. It is one of the
most cultivated species in the world. In Benin, its production was 343,811 tonnes in 2015, which puts it in first place
in the group of market garden crops. However, the lack of mastery of technical production routes by the
majority of producers constitutes one of the causes of the low yield observed, compared to those observed
in other countries in the sub-region. This summary sheet is therefore designed to allow producers
to have the necessary knowledge for good tomato production.

SYNTHETIC TECHNICAL SHEET FOR THE PRODUCTION OF AMARANTHS (Amaranthus spp.)

INTRODUCTION

Amaranths plants of the Amaranthaceae family, native to temperate and tropical regions. Annual herbaceous plants
grown as vegetable plants. The most cultivated species in Benin (Amaranthus cruentus L.) , has rapid growth with large leaves. Like gboma, amaranth is one of the top five leafy vegetables grown and consumed in Benin. It is cultivated intensively on market gardening sites in urban and peri-urban areas. This summary sheet has been developed to explain the production techniques of Amaranthus cruentus.

SYNTHETIC TECHNICAL SHEET FOR THE PRODUCTION OF DESSERT BANANAS (Musa spp.)

INTRODUCTION

The banana tree (Musa spp.) is a herbaceous plant of the Musaceae family, native to Southeast Asia,
widely cultivated in tropical and subtropical regions for its fruit rich in nutrients, vitamins
and minerals. It is an export crop from developing countries which also plays a major role in the
food and nutritional security of populations. In Benin, its production is carried out throughout the
national territory by small producers as a household crop. The plant provides the best performance in the
Guinean zone. This technical sheet provides practical advice for the installation and proper management
of a banana plantation.

SYNTHETIC TECHNICAL SHEET FOR CUCUMBER PRODUCTION (Cucumis Sativus L.)

INTRODUCTION

The cucumber (Cucumis sativus L.) , is a herbaceous vegetable plant, from the Curcubitaceae family and
native to India. It is an exotic vegetable used in human food because of its
organoleptic and nutritional quality. Its production is done more in urban and peri-urban areas by
market gardeners in an intensive system with heavy use of synthetic fertilizers and pesticides. This
situation poses a problem of sustainability of soil productivity and especially of the quality of fruits intended
for consumption. This document proposes new production practices that respect the
environment and people’s right to healthy food.

SYNTHETIC TECHNICAL SHEET FOR THE PRODUCTION OF VERNONIA (Vernonia amygdalina, D.)

INTRODUCTION

Perennial herbaceous plant, shrub or small tree up to 5 m high with young, densely tomentose branches, Vernonia amygdalina commonly called “Amanvivè” in French, belongs to the Asteraceae family. Present in the wild in certain countries of tropical Africa, Vernonia amygdalina is commonly cultivated as a leaf vegetable in the sub-region (Benin, Nigeria, Ghana). In Benin, its production is mainly done in urban areas by market gardeners.

SYNTHETIC TECHNICAL DATA SHEET FOR THE PRODUCTION OF GOMBO (Abelmoschus esculentus L.)

INTRODUCTION

Okra (Abelmoschus esculentus L.) is an annual plant in the Malvaceae family, native to the African continent.
continent. Today, the species can be found on every continent, with India, the USA and Arab countries being the main producing countries,
the USA and Arab countries. Okra is one of the fruit vegetables most widely consumed in hot, humid areas
because of its many virtues. In Benin, okra is produced throughout the country
and is produced by farmers using a variety of production systems. This technical data sheet has been designed as part of a drive to popularize simple, sustainable okra production techniques.

SYNTHETIC TECHNICAL DATA SHEET FOR THE PRODUCTION OF MORINGA (Moringa oleifera Lam.)

INTRODUCTION

Moringa (oleifera lam) is a species of the Moringaceae family, native to India. Nowadays, it is
present in all tropical zones. The plant’s leaves are highly prized for their nutritional qualities
recommended for malnourished populations, pregnant women and nursing mothers.
In Benin, Moringa is produced mainly in rural areas, in the form of gardens, huts, fences and hedges.
Vive. In recent years, however, there has been a growing interest in its production, with
demand for moringa leaves and seeds. This document sets out simple, sustainable techniques for the intensive production of Moringa leaves on a small area.

SYNTHETIC TECHNICAL DATA SHEET FOR THE PRODUCTION OF RED PEPPER (Capsicum frutescens L.)

INTRODUCTION

The chilli pepper (Capsicum frutescens L.) is a horticultural plant belonging to the Solanaceae family, native to North America and present on all continents.
It is native to North America and found on every continent. In Africa, and more particularly in Benin, it is grown all year round, but requires irrigation during the dry season.
all year round, but requires irrigation during the dry season. A pepper production cycle lasts between 5 and 8 months, depending on care and variety, and provides producers with substantial income.

TECHNICAL SUMMARY FOR THE PRODUCTION OF PEPPER (Capsicum annuum L.)

INTRODUCTION

The bell pepper (Capsicum annuum L.) is a member of the Solanaceae family, which includes other species such as tomatoes, eggplants, chillies and potatoes. It is an annual plant found on every continent.
The species is highly prized for its thick-fleshed fruits with a sweet, fragrant taste. It’s a highly profitable crop, but highly susceptible to attack by numerous pests. The lack of mastery of production techniques means that most growers don’t make the most of it. This document presents simple, sustainable techniques for bell pepper production.

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